South East Europe improved virtual accessibility through joint initiatives facilitating the rollout of broadband networks
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Very high speed broadband deployment in Europe: The Netherlands and Bulgaria compared
Type: Research papers
Region: BulgariaEUOther
Technology: DSLCableFTTxMobileWLANSatellite

Europe is trailing Japan, South-Korea and the USA in the deployment of very high speed broadband networks like FTTH and FTTB. Deployment and adoption over various European countries is however very uneven. The roll out of Next Generation Access networks in Bulgaria, a developing Eastern European nation, and the Netherlands, the current OECD Broadband penetration per capita leader, are compared at the national and subnational level. The case studies are based on data from surveying users, expert interviews and collected statistics. Both countries show the fastest deployment of new infrastructure occurs in areas where citizens (organize to) wire up their neighborhoods lead by (local) entrepreneurs who bypassed incumbents.

Footdragging incumbents induced entry by industry outsiders deploying new high bandwidth technologies in both countries, but very different institutional contexts strongly affected the market outcome. The case studies show which factors contributed to the current high ranking in international bandwidth performance indices of both countries. The study explains why Bulgaria today has 670 high - bandwidth service providers, while in the Netherlands FTTH roll out rapidly consolidated into the business of a few construction firms, real estate owners and pension funds who shifted the market from broadband services to selling (unbundled) fibre as the benchmark product.


International Cables, Gateways, Backhaul and International Exchange Points
Type: Policy reportsResearch papers
Region: ItalyAustriaGreeceSloveniaOther
Technology: DSLCableMobileSatellite

This report focuses on the development of backhaul and cross-border networks, which enable local networks to connect to the wider Internet. These local networks may cover a city, a region or even a country. To connect their networks to other networks around the world, operators need access to regional and international high-speed networks. The level of investment required in these networks varies and can be very different from region to region.


Mobile Broadband: Pricing and Services
Type: Policy reportsResearch papers
Region: AustriaOther
Technology: DSLFTTxMobile

Although, the number of OECD countries that publish data on the number of mobile broadband subscribers is not large, growth is significant in markets where data are available. This paper provides an overview of prices, speeds and data caps of mobile broadband services. 99 and 58 operators in OECD countries are providing USB modem based and handset based services respectively with WCDMA/ CDMA-2000 technologies, while 4 are providing mobile broadband access with WiMAX technologies.


The Development of Fixed Broadband Networks
Type: Research papers
Region: ItalyAustriaGreeceSloveniaOther
Technology: DSLCableFTTxMobileWLANSatellite

This report examines the development of fixed networks and their ability to support the Internet economy. Enhancements to fixed broadband networks remain critical despite the growth in the use of wireless services.


Development of Broadband Infrastructure
Type: RegulationsResearch papers
Region: EUOther
Technology: DSLCableFTTxMobileWLANSatellite

This paper provides Members with an update of the development of the broadband infrastructure and services in Hong Kong and other advanced economies, including EU.


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The SIVA project is being funded under Priority Axis 3 – Improvement of the Accessibility of the South East Europe Programme, achieving the corresponding objectives through the Area of Intervention (AoI) 3.2 – Develop strategies to tackle the 'digital divide'.

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